The Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg is a representative legislative power body of the subject of the Russian Federation, a city of federal significance – St. Petersburg. Together with the Administration of St. Petersburg and its judicial bodies, it forms a system of state governmental bodies based on the principles of democracy, separation of state power, independence, and division of jurisdiction between governmental bodies of the Russian Federation and St. Petersburg.
The Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg is the standing supreme and sole legislative power body of St. Petersburg. The Legislative Assembly is the successor of the representative power traditions of the city –Petrograd-Leningrad-St. Petersburg Council of Workers' Deputies. It is located in the Mariinsky Palace, where Leningrad Council was located in 1945-1993.
Members of the Assembly are elected by the residents of St. Petersburg who are the voters in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of St. Petersburg on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by secret ballot.
The status of Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg is determined by federal laws, the Saint Petersburg Charter, and the laws of St. Petersburg. Deputies of the Assembly work on continuous basis.
There are political groups formed in the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg. Political groups consist of political parties. Party lists are admitted to the distribution of seats in the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg.
The Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg:
- passes the St. Petersburg Charter, St. Petersburg laws concerning the joint competence issues and within the limits of authority of St. Petersburg;
- hears annual reports of the St. Petersburg Governor on the activity results of the St. Petersburg Government;
- awards the title of “Honorary Citizen of St. Petersburg”;
- approves: St. Petersburg budget and report on its execution; the Master Plan of Saint Petersburg; the program of St. Petersburg social and economic development; territorial budgets of state non-budgetary funds of St. Petersburg and reports on their execution; the signing and termination of agreements of St. Petersburg; agreement on changing the boundaries of St. Petersburg;
- sets out: taxes and duties; procedure of management and disposition of St. Petersburg property; procedure of setting and holding of St. Petersburg referendum; election procedure to the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg and election procedure of the St. Petersburg Governor; administrative and territorial structure of St. Petersburg; system of executive bodies of the St. Petersburg Government; election procedure to the local authorities on the St. Petersburg territory; awards of St. Petersburg.
The Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg vests powers in a member of the Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation - a representative of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly.
The Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg appoints to the position: judges of the St. Petersburg Statutory Court; justices of the peace of St. Petersburg; members of the Saint Petersburg Electoral Commission; Chairman of the Chamber of Control and Accounts.
The Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg gives consent: for an appointment to the position of Saint Petersburg Vice Governor, Business Rights Commissioner in St. Petersburg; for an appointment to the St. Petersburg Prosecutor.
The right of legislative initiative in the Legislative Assembly of Saint Petersburg belongs to the deputies of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg , associations of Deputies (political groups) of the Legislative Assembly of St. Petersburg, bodies of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly, to the Governor of St. Petersburg, representative local authorities, Honorary Citizens of St. Petersburg, the St. Petersburg Prosecutor's Office, members of the Council of the Federation of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, representative of the Government of St. Petersburg, and representative of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly.
The St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly may pass the acts of resolutory nature – appeals and statements of the Assembly together with legal deeds. Appeals and statements are voted at the initiative of deputies or deputy groups for expressing opinion on any events. Deputies of the Assembly may apply with deputy request to the St. Petersburg Governor.
The St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly elects among its members the Chairman of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly, his two Deputy Chairmen, and the Chairmen of the Assembly bodies.
The St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly forms the bodies of the St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly: the Committee on Legislation, Budget and Finance Committee, and permanent and specialized Commissions.
The meetings of the Legislative Assembly are held weekly on Wednesdays. There are direct broadcasts of meetings on the Internet at the Assembly website.
The St. Petersburg Legislative Assembly elects a Human Rights Ombudsman in St. Petersburg and a Children’s Rights Ombudsman in Saint Petersburg.
The Human Rights Ombudsman carries out activities aimed at preventing human rights violations by the authorities and bodies of local authorities and the protection of human rights in the territory of Saint Petersburg.
The Children’s Rights Ombudsman protects the rights and legitimate interests of the child as defined in the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, and the Russian Federation Family Code.